YAKUT ULUS: THE EXPERIENCE OF HISTORICAL RECONSTRUCTION
Borisov A. A.
The nomads of the Eurasian steppes since ancient times formed the ulus as a special form of social and power organization. This status was due to the special economy and lifestyle. In the work discussed the problem of the existence of the ulus of the Turkic and Mongolian peoples as an alternative way of politogenesis. On the example of the Yakut ulus some important features of the ulus system are analyzed in the comparative historical aspect. Having emerged as a family or clan group leading a nomadic life together, the ulus has evolved over the centuries into larger unit comparable not only to tribal organization but also to chiefdom and state. Yakut ulus was restored during the XVIII century on a new basis related to the regional policy of the Russian state.