RESEARCH OF BUDDHISM IN TUVА
Tovuu S. S.
The article deals with studies of Buddhism which became widespread in Tuva and began in the context of studying the history, archeology, and ethnography of Tuvans belonging to the Hunnish, Turkic, Mongolian and Uryankhai periods of their history. There are the descriptions of well-known Russian researchers and travelers G. E. Grumm-Grzhimailo, N. F. Katanov, D. A. Clements,
G. N. Potanin, V. V. Radlov and others who acquainting readers with the history, customs, beliefs and everyday life of Tuvans and Buddhism in the context of their description of the religious world perception mentioned in the article. The analysis of works of foreign researchers concerning the relationship between shamanism and Buddhism in Tuva is given. Much attention is paid to the Soviet and modern periods of Buddhological studies. The attention is drawn to the collective works on the history of Tuva, which mention the history of the spread of Buddhism in Tuva and its role of Buddhism in the development of Tuvan statehood. There is a brief outline of the history of the penetration of Buddhism in Tuva and its position in the Soviet period, interaction with the authorities, as well as the local cultural and religious tradition in the context of the consideration of Buddhological studies. The article reveals the processes of revival of the traditional religions of Tuvans including Buddhism, which began after the collapse of the USSR. It is a question of the constructions of Khuree, Dugans and Suburgans as symbols of the rebirth of Buddhism. Among the contemporary studies of Buddhism in Tuva the works of V. P. Dyakonova, S. I. Weinstein, M. Kh. Mannay-oola, L. P. Potapov, M. V. Mongush, N. V. Abaev, O. M. Khomushku, also the author of the article are considered. Moreover, the analysis is made of the work of the first Interregional Scientific and Practical Conference “Actual problems of studying the ethno-ecological and ethno-cultural traditions of the peoples of Sayan-Altai” organized in the Tuvan State University in 2009, where much attention was paid to ethical and environmental aspects of Buddhism.