SUBURBS OF ASTANA/NUR-SULTAN: FROM THE GREEN BELT TO THE COTTAGE CHAOS
Kulshat Agibaevna Medeuova, Doctor of philosophy, Professor Department of Philosophy of the L. N. Gumilev Eurasian national University, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan
The report focuses on the factors that influenced the development of new suburbanization processes in Kazakhstan, and how, after the transfer of the capital from Almaty to Astana in 1997, a communication channel with a rapidly and sometimes chaotically developing capital «opened» in small settlements. The nature of preventive measures against uncontrolled growth of outskirts and suburbs is analyzed. Discussions on the nature of the growth points of the new capital are considered on the examples of plans and implementation of programs “Zhasyl El», “Green zone of the capital”, activities for the formation of a sustainable “food security zone”. The main provisions and metaphors of the development of the general plans of the capital and suburbs, the gradual transition from the metaphor of symbiotic growth to the rhetoric of agglomeration development are analyzed. The General context of the post-Soviet reformatting of ideas about life in the private sector and the features of pendulum migration is considered on the examples from two settlements Koyanda and Rodina.