MEDICINE AND THE RUSSIAN STATE, 16TH – FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURIES: FROM FOREIGN PHYSICIANS TO PROFESSIONAL EXPERT COMMUNITY

Bashkuev V. Yu.

The article opens a series of publications aimed at tracing the continuity of professional attitudes between pre-revolutionary Russian doctors and Soviet medical internationalists of the 1920s – 1940s in Inner and Central Asia. The author offers a retrospective journey into the history of the formation of the Russian medical community from the appearance of the prototype of state medicine under Ivan IV to the processes of professional consolidation of doctors in the era of Nicholas I. It examines changes in the social status and role of the doctor in the government system of the Russian Empire, the creation of mechanisms for professional self-regulation and the consolidation of the medical community.