HEALTH OF RUSSIAN PEASANTRY THROUGH THE EYES OF SOCIALLY ACTIVE PHYSICIANS IN THE LAST THIRD OF THE 19TH – EARLY 20TH CENTURIES
Bashkuev V. Yu.
In this paper, the author considers issues of interaction between the Russian medical community with the peasantry in the period when the zemstvo medicine was in the making. Based on published reports of the zemstvo physicians, the author singles out the key peculiarities of medical perception of peasants by the university-educated medics in various life situations. The author views popular superstitions, quackery, and other attributes of the traditional health protection practices of the Russian peasantry. He concludes that there is a continuity in the approaches and methods of working with traditional societies in the zemstvo and early Soviet periods.