THE FORMATION OF ŌBAKŪ-SHŪ SCHOOL IN JAPAN: THREE BRUSHES OF ŌBAKŪ
Lugavtsova A. P.
The article deals with the changings in religious and cultural spheres in Japan during the Edo period based on the example of the formation of Ōbakū-shū school, new wave in Japanese Zen Buddhism, which appeared with Chinese emigrants on the Japanese islands. The significant role goes to biography of 3 founders of the school (Ingen Ryūki, Mokuan Shōtō, Sokuhi Nyoitsu), who spread cultural achievements of the Ming dynasty in Japan and how they have taken part in the formation on new fellowship since its rise in 1620 till building of central complex Manpuku-ji and final organization of the school. Separately, the article highlights the adaptation of innovations in Japan and formation so-called “Ōbakū culture”, first representatives of that have been three founders of the school and their students.