BASICS OF THE METHODS OF CONSERVATION SCIENCE ON THE EXAMPLES OF ANCIENT WOODEN OBJECTS FROM MONGOLIA
Oyuntulga Mendbazar, Imazu Setsuo
Mongolia, home to various nomadic peoples, is located in the northeast of the Eurasian Continent and it exerted major influence on the history and culture of East and West. Wooden objects excavated from historic sites not only came from on-site production in Mongolia, but also huge amounts of luxurious objects had been brought from all parts of the Eurasian Continent were excavated revealing the great power as a nomadic country and broad cultural exchange at that time. It includes not only artifacts but also remains from buildings and techniques used. There are many wooden artifacts in good condition for that natural environment, but nowadays, research institutes, museums, exhibitions and storage facilities in Mongolia do not have enough experience of proper conservation of wooden cultural heritage artifacts, which puts them in danger of disappearance unless conservation treatment measures are urgently taken. Considering this situation, this study is intended to recognize the need of conservation of wooden cultural heritage, to research and to establish methodologies of conservation according to the burial environment and conditions. In addition, it is aimed at investigating actual situations on the use of wood thee continental steppes by identifying resin from each sample of wooden cultural heritage and giving consideration to relations between relevant artifacts and excavated artifacts.